Dogs that are destined to serve as guides to a blind person or as an assistant for a person with disabilities come from specialized breeders.
They use genetic selection techniques to ensure they get a dog that fits the physical and psychological standards requested by their customers.
These centers are real puppy factories and from the beginning they are considered tools to service human beings and they are sold as commodities.
If we take as a reference the guide dogs in Spain, they are taken away from their mothers and brothers when they are just 7 weeks. At this young age, they are given to a person who will do the first stage of their training program that is very strict obedience and submission training.
When they are one year old, there is already an affective bond between the young dogs and their carers and they are taken away from their “home” and sent to “Eleven Foundation” to start the second stage of training. This training is called “coupling period”, it consists on pairing each dog with the blind person who they will serve. Both of them will take a three weeks course, in which the dog will be taught the required abilities to develop his role of human assistant. That involves the inhibition and resignation to the most basic natural instinct and the total rejection to their needs and interests.
When the dog has passed this hard training, he is formally given to his “owner” and the forced serving period starts, when he is convicted to play day by day an alien role to his nature which makes him in an automaton which is denied to the fundamental right of enjoying his life. In line with just being considered a tool, when a dog losses his abilities because of either old age or disease, the “Eleven Foundation” immediately replaces him with a new younger dog.
So the destiny of those dogs will be on the hands of the person who he is serving. The luckiest dogs will stay in the house until his last days, but many of them will be given back to the “Eleven Foundation” and will be sent to a dog residence until they die all alone.
The great majority of people who are blind or have physical disabilities do not need a guide or assistant. When a guide is required the best candidate to do the job would be a human volunteer or employed a person to do the job.