Animals for Lab Experimentation
Differences do not exist, they are invented to justify killings. All animals want to live, they are not ingredients of your diet. Save their lives, GO VEGAN. We can all be happy.
Every three seconds, an animal dies as a victim of experimentation in one of the labs in the E.U. Several hundred million animals are used every year for this purpose all over the world, and we are not including here those animals which have been raised exclusively to supply labs which are not eventually bought and are killed too as surplus production.
Cats, dogs, monkeys, rats, mice, rabbits, birds, fish and farm animals are some of the species most widely used.
There are companies that are specialized in the massive breeding of animals to be sold as “lab material” although those who experiment also find a source of supply by catching wild animals or using dogs and cats in situations of abandonment.
There are four branches of investigation that use animals for testing: teaching, industry, biomedical research and military investigation.
The use of nonhuman animals as subjects for experimentation relies on the assumption that these present many similarities with humans in their physiology, psychology and their patterns of reaction to several stimuli, which makes them valid models for investigation. Here lies the first paradox with animal experimentation, because according to this, these species are acknowledge as having similar characteristics to those of human beings but at the same time the violation of the most fundamental rights to life, freedom and not to be treated in such a cruel way are justified when dealing with animals. But despite the fact that they do not doubt about their capacity to feel and the fact that they are susceptible to feel pain and the suffering (both physical and emotional) they go through, those who experiment ignore all moral considerations for them and they make these animals undergo the most aberrant and merciless proceedings.
Animals used in lab experimentation live a permanent nightmare, always confined in small cages that have no environmental enrichment or comfort of any kind. They remain isolated in these prisons for weeks, months or even years, only to leave them to suffer the next test or to be sacrificed. The confinement, the isolation, the lack of stimuli and the systematic torture raise their level of suffering to the highest peaks, leading these creatures to insanity.
A high percentage of the experiments performed using animals are repeated over and over with no variation during years and years. Thus, universities and other teaching centres go over and over with vivisection practices, each pharmacy lab performs its own tests to try the possible after effects of their drugs , which have already been tested many times, beauty industry or cleaning and hygiene product companies also perform these redundant experiments with each variation introduced in their products. Thus these animals are not only sentenced to suffering and death, but we find out that it is all absolutely useless.
Some of the most usual experiments performed are the following:
1.-Draize test: this is an acute toxicity test which causes a deep irritation of the eyes of the animal. The test subject is commonly an albino rabbit. The animals are caged into some special boxes to be immobilized only leaving their heads out and pouring over their eyes several substances ( cosmetics, clothes whitening , shampoo, ink, detergent, floor polish…) The operation is repeated several times during several days and after each test they keep the eyes of the rabbits closed to maximize the effects of the chemical substance. On a daily basis they observe the effects of these products in the tissues of the eyes: swollen, ulcers, bleeding, infections and blindness.
2.-Test DL 50: DL 50 (or Median Lethal Dose) refers to the target of the experiment and it is the abbreviation of “Lethal Dose 50 %” or that is to say, the dose required to kill half the members of the tested population after a specified test duration. All the subjects of the test will be forced to ingest some substance with a nasogastric tube, by using a hole in their necks, or else they will be injected subcutaneously or in vein the toxic substance. This test can also be performed by exposing the animals to inhalation placing toxic substances into rectum or vagina. Some of the effects observed are: seizures, ulcers, breathing problems, nose, mouth and eye bleedings, lung injuries, kidney and liver injuries, coma and death.
3.-Skin testing or thermal toxicity test: To start with, the areas of the skin to be exposed are shaved and scratched (the objects of this test are usually rabbits, guinea pigs, mice and pigs). Over these shaven spots of skin, they pour chemical substances and the results are observed: irritations, ulcers and swelling…
4.-Oral ingestion toxicity tests: The animals are forced to swallow substances which are not edible during days, weeks or even months. This way, they develop the usual symptoms of poisoning such as vomits, diarrhoea, paralysis, seizures and internal bleedings.
5.-Immersion studies: In this case, the animals are dipped in tanks with diluted poisonous liquids in order to study the effects of breathing this dissolutions.
6.-Inhalation tests: The animals are previously put into airtight chambers or they are forced to wear items over their faces, such as funnels, in order to make them breath massively all kinds of products such as: insecticide, anti-freezing liquid, deodorant, depilatory solution, hair spray, nail polish, paint, solvent, lubricant… The industry of tobacco also uses this test in order to study the effects of the smoke of cigarettes in different concentrations. Dogs, chickens, rabbits, rats and monkeys are the usual victims of these experiments.
At present we have the technology needed to develop some other ways to investigate and test which do not need animals as victims, and which also offer a more accurate reliability of the results, since the extrapolation of the results obtained in animals to human beings has proved to bring countless mistakes to the accuracy of the results obtained.
In any case, even if there was no alternative to the use of animal in these tests, the experimentation with beings which have the ability to feel pain and suffering and who are there against their will is by no means ethically justified, since there is no possible moral justification for the suffering inflicted to any sentient being under the flag of a presumed benefit for the rest. Assuming this could mean that, for example, it could be legitimate to use in tests human beings from a given ethnic background for the benefit of mankind, something that has already happened in history during World War II and Nazi experimentation on human beings.
All the animals, all of us, feel the same suffering and we all share the same desire to live. Thus, we all have the same right to be considered moral subjects and not to be the target of attacks against our lives or our personal integrity.
By rejecting products which have been tested on animals you are giving your support to the evolution of science under the parameters of ethics, respect and reliability, and it is also a way to push in favour of the use of alternative methods to foster a true step forward of science by not supporting the pain and death of millions of sentient victims.